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Róbert Tasnádi – Crossroads of the Iron Curtain, 2013.

Robert Tasnádi komunikolog i novinar koji živi i radi u Szombathelyju (Mađarska). U filmu Raskrižje željezne zavjese predstavlja mali privatni muzej Željezne zavjese u selu Felsőcsatár. Muzej je osnovao Sándor Goják, koji je šezdesetih radio u graničnoj policiji, a kasnije je skupljao predmete koji su dokumentirali (ilegalne) prelaske austrijsko-mađarske granice koja je postojala od 1948. do 1989. godine. Muzej je zbirka predmeta i priča koji podsjećaju na Željeznu zavjesu, kao ideološku i fizičku granicu između komunističkih područja i zapada za vrijeme Hladnog rata.

The Hungarian-Austrian border from 1948 to 1989 was marked by fences and landmines. Number of ordinary people, even celebrities seeking better life, adventure passed the strictly guarded border. Some of them by themselves, others assisted by smugglers, locals. Eventually, some of them were captured and seized. The video material gives an insight of the era when small villages, relatives were separated from each other by fences. The former Hungarian border patrol Sándor Goják devoted his life to display and demonstrate how the Iron Curtain worked for four decades. He shares those stories which were kept in secret for long time and what are almost forgotten by now…


eulogo   “With the support of the Culture Programme of the European Union”

The mercury mine provided a livelihood for numerous people in the Idrija basin. Such a livelihood was very often meagre and earned with difficulty. The miners worked in extremely hard conditions, exposed to all sorts of accidents and dangers.

The miners soon recognised that the mercury was a valuable metal. Individuals thus began to be involved in smuggling and the illicit trade in mercury. Despite the careful supervision of the mine guards, these smugglers began to carry off pieces of ore from the mine, which they either sold immediately, or secretly smelted and then sold the mercury. Some of them merely attempted thus to alleviate their poverty, but for others this was a profitable source of income. The majority long evaded justice. However, when their superiors did get on their trail, they were handed over the the mine judge, who informed them unequivocally that they had violated article 13 of the Carolingian Mine Order, and that they would have to answer for their actions. This article of the law banned any sale or removal of ore.  Anyone who violated this article was threatened with a sentence of death and the confiscation of their property.

The illicit trade in mercury ore was at its height in the 18th century. Both miners and serfs from all three border feudal estates (Idria Cameral, Tolmin and Loka) were involved in it. They were connected in a real smuggling network. The serfs of the Loka estate, namely, provided the Idrian mine with the clay pitchers that were used for firing the ore. The Tolmin serfs were employed as miners at the mine or met with the ore as artisans and traders. Both speedily made contact with the Idrijan miners, who delivered ore to them from the pit.

The contribution describes in rather more detail individual thefts and punishment of thieves. It was found that for the most part thieves and smugglers were sentenced to corporal punishment, or exiled from their home environment. Court hearings of the major thefts of mercury ore in 1778-1779 ended with death sentences by hanging for two persons, nine were sentenced to public work at the mine, two were exiled from the Idria region, and some were even pardoned.

All sentences were passed and executed publicly, in order to remind people that smuggling and theft did not pay.


eulogo   “With the support of the Culture Programme of the European Union”

Dušan Radovanović - Ruska šuma, 2013. Rad Ruska šuma (2013.) Dušana Radovanovića, nazvan je po romanu Leonida Leonova (1953.). Sastoji se od Leonovljeve knjige koja u unutrašnjosti sadrži anaboličke steroide u vidu injekcija testosterona i deca-durabolina. Zloupotreba ovih supstanci, nedostupnih u slobodnoj prodaji, široko je rasprostranjena, na primjer u bodi-bildingu s ciljem postizanja čiste tjelesne težine, tj. dobivanja mase i definicije. Radovanović je knjigu s ovim sadržajem pronašao kao zalutali paket u jednom stanu u Beogradu 2005. Kasnije je knjigu ilegalno prenosio preko granice i nesmetane prelaske dokumentirao fotografijama. Za Antologije krijumčarenja paket osobno dostavlja na izložbu, ponovno dokumentirajući prelazak granice. The work Russian Forest (2013) by Dušan Radovanović was named after Leonid Leonov’s novel (1953). It consists of Leonov’s book which inside contains anabolic steroids in testosterone injections and Deca-Durabolin. The abuse of these substances, which cannot be bought over the counter, is widespread, for instance in body building aimed at increasing body mass and definition. Radovanović found the book with this content as a stray package in a Belgrade apartment in 2005. Later he transferred the book illegally over the border and documented the unhindered crossings with photographs. For Smuggling Anthologies he will deliver the package personally to the exhibition, again documenting the act of border crossing. rad3-2 Dušan Radovanović - Ruska šuma, 2013. Photo by Robert Sošić


eulogo “With the support of the Culture Programme of the European Union”